## Excel Function AVERAGEIF

The AVERAGEIF function is used to get the “average” of values for a range of cells, based on multiple criteria.

The mathematical Average is calculated following: = Sum of all values / (divided by) number of items.

AVERAGEIF Function has two required arguments i.e. range, criteria and optional argument i.e. [average_range].

##### Syntax:
`=AVERAGEIF(range,criteria,[average_range])`
##### Syntax Description:

range argument is used to give the range of cells in which criteria needs to find

criteria argument is used to give criteria for average. We can give value (example “A”,”A*” >10, 50 ) or cell reference# (example: E2) in this argument

average_range argument is used to give cell range; those values to be averaged as per the criteria mentioned above

Kindly note, [average_range] is optional ONLY incase where range and [average_range] are in ONE column, but if, range and [average_range] are in DIFFERENT columns then [average_range] is NOT optional.

## EXAMPLE 1 :- AVERAGE

• As we can see in below example.
• There are 2 columns A & B .
• A Contains sales rep and B contains sales volume.
• Here we are calculating the Average of sales volume by applying its formula.
• Formula =AVERAGE(B2:B11)
• So we are selecting the sales volume range and with the help of the formula, the average of sales reps is automatically calculated as shown in pic 2.
• The result is 3473.7  ## EXAMPLE 2 :- AVERAGEIF

When we want to calculate the average with any condition than AVERAGEIF is used.

Here in example 2, we are calculating the average sales volume but with 1 condition, that’s why we will use AVERAGEIF here.

Formula:- =AVERAGEIF(\$A\$2:\$A\$11,E6,\$B\$2:\$B\$11)

So here Criteria 1 is sales volume, the condition is David, and criteria 2 is a sales rep.

basically, we want to count the average of sales done by David.

The result is  4378 as shown in the 2nd image.  ##### Things to Remember:

– Criteria argument can also work with Wild characters i.e. asterisk (*), question mark (?). Asterisk will find any series of characters and Question mark will find a single character.

– If you want to search actual * or ? (Asterisk or Question Mark) then type tilde (~) before * or ?

Hope you learnt this Function,